TS Saraswathy, A Az-Ulhusna, R Nurul Ahikin, S Suriani and S Zainah (2011). Sero-prevalence of cytomegalovirus infections in pregnant women and associated role in obstetric complications: A preliminary study. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 42(2): 320-322
The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections through antenatal screening data and the association of this virus with obstetric complications. Serum samples from 125 apparently healthy pregnant women sent for antenatal screening from various hospitals in Malaysia between January 2007 and December 2008, were examined for CMV specific IgM and IgG antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Of the 125 pregnant women tested, anti-CMV IgG antibody was found in 105 (84%) of the cases and anti-CMV IgM in 9 cases (7.2%). Both CMV IgM and IgG were also found in another 37 women whose serum samples were sent for investigation of various obstetric complications: 17 cases of spontaneous abortions, 15 cases of fetal anomalies detected during ultrasound examination, 1 case of incomplete abortion, 3 cases with premature delivery of infant with congenital anomalies and 1 case of infertility. Our preliminary data which only represented a small study group has shown the prevalence of CMV infection among the local population and the association of CMV in obstetric complications.