[ English | Bahasa Malaysia ] Today is 27th Jun 2022, 04:04 AM (Last updated: 22nd Jun 2022)

Text Red Text Black Text Blue Text Green Text Smaller Text Reset Text Larger

Publication Details
Year :


Journal :

Siu Kuin Wong, Yau Yan Lim, Noor Rain Abdullah and Fariza Juliana Nordin (2011). Antiproliferative and phytochemical analyses of leaf extracts of ten Apocynaceae species. Pharmacognosy Research 3(2): 100-106

Abstract :

BACKGROUND: The anticancer properties of Apocynaceae species are well known in barks and roots but less so in leaves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, leaf extracts of 10 Apocynaceae species were assessed for antiproliferative (APF) activities using the sulforhodamine B assay. Their extracts were also analyzed for total alkaloid content (TAC), total phenolic content (TPC), and radical scavenging activity (RSA) using the Dragendorff precipitation, Folin-Ciocalteu, and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays, respectively. RESULTS: Leaf extracts of Alstonia angustiloba, Calotropis gigantea, Catharanthus roseus, Nerium oleander, Plumeria obtusa, and Vallaris glabra displayed positive APF activities. Extracts of Allamanda cathartica, Cerbera odollam, Dyera costulata, and Kopsia fruticosa did not show any APF activity. Dichloromethane (DCM) extract of C. gigantea, and DCM and DCM:MeOH extracts of V. glabra showed strong APF activities against all six human cancer cell lines. Against breast cancer cells of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, DCM extracts of C. gigantea and N. oleander were stronger than or comparable to standard drugs of xanthorrhizol, curcumin, and tamoxifen. All four extracts of N. oleander were effective against MCF-7 cells. Extracts of Kopsia fruticosa had the highest TAC while those of Dyera costulata had the highest TPC and RSA. Extracts of C. gigantea and V. glabra inhibited the growth of all six cancer cell lines while all extracts of N. oleander were effective against MCF-7 cells. CONCLUSION: Extracts of C. gigantea, V. glabra, and N. oleander therefore showed great promise as potential candidates for anticancer drugs. The wide-spectrum APF activities of these three species are reported for the first time and their bioactive compounds warrant further investigation.




This site is best viewed on Firefox (24.0) with resolution higher than 1280 x 768 pixels.

Our Location


Located at Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. We operate from 8.00am - 5.00pm Monday - Friday. Click on the map image to launch Google Maps service.

Get in touch with us